blockchain – Can I see the workings (console) of my bitcoin full node?

You are running the Qt version of Bitcoin, which includes the GUI. If you have bitcoind, you can quit the Bitcoin application and type bitcoind into your terminal.

Otherwise, type tail -f ~/.bitcoin/debug.log in your terminal to see then end of the debug file, which will show you when new blocks arrive.

Alternatively, you can install bitcoind from Bitcoin.org. This is a different package than Bitcoin-Qt. Bitcoind only runs “in terminal” so there is no GUI.