Can dust outputs become an economic problem?

I’m thinking about actually economic problems, not about UTXO set size.

One example would be:

Bitcoin adoption gets global and the value of a Bitcoin gets to be ridiculously high, let’s say $100,000,000 could that make a large number of dust UTXO (now with a non-negligible value) unspendable? Could that cause any economic problems?

Is there any literature about this?