Before the foundation of the E-Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2011, e-waste was established under the Hazardous Waste Management (HWM) Rules. Under the Environmental Protection Act 1986, the E-waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2011, were ordered and got viable from first May 2012. These Rules were brought into power to empower recuperation as well as reuse of suitable material from e-waste, in this manner reducing the dangerous waste bound for removal, to guarantee the naturally stable administration of a wide range of e-waste and to address the safety and condition dealing with, moving, putting away, and reusing of e-waste just because the idea of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) was presented which made producers at risk for the safe removal of electronic products.
From that point, the E-Waste (Management) Rules, 2016, were authorized in the 2011 Rules’ supersession and became effective from first October 2016. Likewise, a maker, vendor, refurbisher, and Producer Responsibility Organization (PRO) was brought under the ambit of these Rules. PRO is an expert association approved or aggregately or independently by makers, which can assume the liability for assortment and channelization of e-waste created from their items to guarantee naturally stable administration. A choice was surrendered for the setting of a PRO as an extra channel for the usage of EPR by Producers. Further, the assortment component-based methodology was embraced for an assortment of e-waste by Producers under EPR. Besides, the appropriateness of the Rules was extended to cover segments, consumables, parts, and extras of EEE.
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