Hard disk after formatting the hard disk during the installation of Windows

I wanted to replace an old Windows installation with a new one. That's why I started from a windows installation USB stick and tried to format the hard drive before installing the new windows.
There was an error formatting the hard disk. After that it is said that the plate has a size of 0B.

With a Linux USB stick, I could not find the hard drive. Instead, I received the following error at startup

ata1: COMRESET failed (errno = -16)

What can I do to check if the disc is still running? And can an error formatting a floppy disk damage it?