operating systems – Can the sandboxing technique prevent a buffer overflow attack?

Buffer overflow Attack: Sample Authorization

void A( ) {
  int authorized;
  char name (128);
  authorized = check credentials (...); /* the attacker is not authorized, so returns 0 */
  printf ("What is your name?n");
  gets (name);
  if (authorized != 0) {
      printf ("Welcome %s, here is all our secret datan", name)
      /* ... show secret data ... */
  } else
      printf ("Sorry %s, but you are not authorized.n");
  }
}

The code is meant to do an authorization check. Only users with the right credentials
are allowed to see the top secret data. The function check credentials is
not a function from the C library, but we assume that it exists somewhere in the
program and does not contain any errors. Now suppose the attacker types in 129
characters. As in the previous case, the buffer will overflow, but it will not modify
the return address. Instead, the attacker has modified the value of the authorized
variable, giving it a value that is not 0. The program does not crash and does not
execute any attacker code, but it leaks the secret information to an unauthorized
user.

=> Can the sandboxing technique prevent attack? How?