This is a GATE 2021 exam question.

If the numerical value of a 2-byte unsigned integer on a little endian computer is 255 more than that on a big endian computer, which of the following choices represent(s) the unsigned integer on a little endian computer?

A. 0x6665

B. 0×0001

C. 0×4243

D. 0×0100

According to me, answer should be A,D. But according to some of my colleagues, answer is B,C.

My logic for answer being A,D :

The question is asking “which of the following choices represent(s) the unsigned integer on a little endian computer?”

Take Option “0x6665” :

The question is saying that 0x6665 is the representation of some integer on a little endian computer, so, it means that the original number must have been 0x6566.

So, for the original number 0x6566 :

On little endian(LE) : 0x6665

On Big endian(BE) : 0x6566

Clearly, LE = 255 + BE

Similarly, for 0x0100.

Take 0x0100 :

He is saying that 0x0100 is the representation of some integer on a little endian computer, so, it means that the original number must have been 0x0001.

So, for the number 0x0001 :

On little endian(LE) : 0x0100

On Big endian(BE) : 0x0001

Clearly, LE = 255 + BE

Similarly for 0x4243 and 0x0001, They do not satisfy “LE = 255 + BE” condition , So, answer should be option A,D.

For Reference, Refer Slide 26 in the below article :

https://www.cs.utexas.edu/~byoung/cs429/slides2-bits-bytes.pdf