psql – POSTGRESQL Query and insert based on results

In this case I’m trying to perform a SELECT based query followed by an insert of new records into the same table based on those results. For example a simple table:

Table "samples"

Fields: 
      id   unique
      name 
      locations
      randoma
      randomb
      randomc

To be clear my objective from the selection is to create a new sample with a given name and id for each location, but the rest of the fields can be left to default. This is the selection portion:

SELECT locations FROM samples WHERE name = 'example';

The command chain below works for a single record, but I need the query and creation to be iterative. Aforementioned attempt:

INSERT INTO samples (nextval('my_sequence'), 'newsample', (SELECT locations FROM samples WHERE name = 'example');

I’ve haven’t found a solution yet and would appreciate any admonishment on this PSQL simplicity.

I realize that this is a poor example in terms of database normalization, but it’s merely for effect.

Best regards and thanks in advance.