ssh – Google Cloud – Permission denied (publickey)

I have a GCP instance running debian-8-jessie-v20170619 (deprecated). After a reboot, I lost ssh access to the machine (cannot ssh via Web, Terminal, or gcloud cli). Now my MySQL database has issue for my WordPress blog and I need to ssh. There are tens of questions with the same title, so I read most of them and tried:

  1. Regenerating ssh key, adding to Metadata (both on instance, and in project)
  2. Turning off OS Login and trying ssh. Turning on OS Login and trying ssh.
  3. Serial console method (user is not being created by startup script; so login fails)
  4. Using ssh -i key user@host instead of gcloud cli
  5. Adding key to authorized_keys

None of these worked. Here is the out of $ gcloud compute ssh MyVM --ssh-flag="-vvv"

OpenSSH_8.1p1, LibreSSL 2.7.3
debug1: Reading configuration data /Users/Jash/.ssh/config
debug1: Reading configuration data /etc/ssh/ssh_config
debug1: /etc/ssh/ssh_config line 47: Applying options for *
debug2: resolve_canonicalize: hostname 35.237.214.57 is address
debug2: ssh_connect_direct
debug1: Connecting to 35.237.214.57 (35.237.214.57) port 22.
debug1: Connection established.
debug1: identity file /Users/Jash/.ssh/google_compute_engine type 0
debug1: identity file /Users/Jash/.ssh/google_compute_engine-cert type -1
debug1: Local version string SSH-2.0-OpenSSH_8.1
debug1: Remote protocol version 2.0, remote software version OpenSSH_6.7p1 Debian-5+deb8u8
debug1: match: OpenSSH_6.7p1 Debian-5+deb8u8 pat OpenSSH* compat 0x04000000
debug2: fd 3 setting O_NONBLOCK
debug1: Authenticating to 35.237.214.57:22 as 'Jash'
debug1: using hostkeyalias: compute.2217424771252360577
debug3: hostkeys_foreach: reading file "/Users/Jash/.ssh/google_compute_known_hosts"
debug3: record_hostkey: found key type ECDSA in file /Users/Jash/.ssh/google_compute_known_hosts:1
debug3: load_hostkeys: loaded 1 keys from compute.2217424771252360577
debug3: order_hostkeyalgs: prefer hostkeyalgs: ecdsa-sha2-nistp256-cert-v01@openssh.com,ecdsa-sha2-nistp384-cert-v01@openssh.com,ecdsa-sha2-nistp521-cert-v01@openssh.com,ecdsa-sha2-nistp256,ecdsa-sha2-nistp384,ecdsa-sha2-nistp521
debug3: send packet: type 20
debug1: SSH2_MSG_KEXINIT sent
debug3: receive packet: type 20
debug1: SSH2_MSG_KEXINIT received
debug2: local client KEXINIT proposal
debug2: KEX algorithms: curve25519-sha256,curve25519-sha256@libssh.org,ecdh-sha2-nistp256,ecdh-sha2-nistp384,ecdh-sha2-nistp521,diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha256,diffie-hellman-group16-sha512,diffie-hellman-group18-sha512,diffie-hellman-group14-sha256,diffie-hellman-group14-sha1,ext-info-c
debug2: host key algorithms: ecdsa-sha2-nistp256-cert-v01@openssh.com,ecdsa-sha2-nistp384-cert-v01@openssh.com,ecdsa-sha2-nistp521-cert-v01@openssh.com,ecdsa-sha2-nistp256,ecdsa-sha2-nistp384,ecdsa-sha2-nistp521,ssh-ed25519-cert-v01@openssh.com,rsa-sha2-512-cert-v01@openssh.com,rsa-sha2-256-cert-v01@openssh.com,ssh-rsa-cert-v01@openssh.com,ssh-ed25519,rsa-sha2-512,rsa-sha2-256,ssh-rsa
debug2: ciphers ctos: chacha20-poly1305@openssh.com,aes128-ctr,aes192-ctr,aes256-ctr,aes128-gcm@openssh.com,aes256-gcm@openssh.com
debug2: ciphers stoc: chacha20-poly1305@openssh.com,aes128-ctr,aes192-ctr,aes256-ctr,aes128-gcm@openssh.com,aes256-gcm@openssh.com
debug2: MACs ctos: umac-64-etm@openssh.com,umac-128-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-256-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-512-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha1-etm@openssh.com,umac-64@openssh.com,umac-128@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-256,hmac-sha2-512,hmac-sha1
debug2: MACs stoc: umac-64-etm@openssh.com,umac-128-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-256-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-512-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha1-etm@openssh.com,umac-64@openssh.com,umac-128@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-256,hmac-sha2-512,hmac-sha1
debug2: compression ctos: none,zlib@openssh.com,zlib
debug2: compression stoc: none,zlib@openssh.com,zlib
debug2: languages ctos:
debug2: languages stoc:
debug2: first_kex_follows 0
debug2: reserved 0
debug2: peer server KEXINIT proposal
debug2: KEX algorithms: curve25519-sha256@libssh.org,ecdh-sha2-nistp256,ecdh-sha2-nistp384,ecdh-sha2-nistp521,diffie-hellman-group-exchange-sha256,diffie-hellman-group14-sha1
debug2: host key algorithms: ssh-rsa,ssh-dss,ecdsa-sha2-nistp256,ssh-ed25519
debug2: ciphers ctos: aes128-ctr,aes192-ctr,aes256-ctr,aes128-gcm@openssh.com,aes256-gcm@openssh.com,chacha20-poly1305@openssh.com
debug2: ciphers stoc: aes128-ctr,aes192-ctr,aes256-ctr,aes128-gcm@openssh.com,aes256-gcm@openssh.com,chacha20-poly1305@openssh.com
debug2: MACs ctos: umac-64-etm@openssh.com,umac-128-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-256-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-512-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha1-etm@openssh.com,umac-64@openssh.com,umac-128@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-256,hmac-sha2-512,hmac-sha1
debug2: MACs stoc: umac-64-etm@openssh.com,umac-128-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-256-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-512-etm@openssh.com,hmac-sha1-etm@openssh.com,umac-64@openssh.com,umac-128@openssh.com,hmac-sha2-256,hmac-sha2-512,hmac-sha1
debug2: compression ctos: none,zlib@openssh.com
debug2: compression stoc: none,zlib@openssh.com
debug2: languages ctos:
debug2: languages stoc:
debug2: first_kex_follows 0
debug2: reserved 0
debug1: kex: algorithm: curve25519-sha256@libssh.org
debug1: kex: host key algorithm: ecdsa-sha2-nistp256
debug1: kex: server->client cipher: chacha20-poly1305@openssh.com MAC: <implicit> compression: none
debug1: kex: client->server cipher: chacha20-poly1305@openssh.com MAC: <implicit> compression: none
debug3: send packet: type 30
debug1: expecting SSH2_MSG_KEX_ECDH_REPLY
debug3: receive packet: type 31
debug1: Server host key: ecdsa-sha2-nistp256 SHA256:/8U8cYg6EIhbKq5aDfb9DySyrP6JEli2B3iUpLKx6lE
debug1: using hostkeyalias: compute.2217424771252360577
debug3: hostkeys_foreach: reading file "/Users/Jash/.ssh/google_compute_known_hosts"
debug3: record_hostkey: found key type ECDSA in file /Users/Jash/.ssh/google_compute_known_hosts:1
debug3: load_hostkeys: loaded 1 keys from compute.2217424771252360577
debug1: Host 'compute.2217424771252360577' is known and matches the ECDSA host key.
debug1: Found key in /Users/Jash/.ssh/google_compute_known_hosts:1
debug3: send packet: type 21
debug2: set_newkeys: mode 1
debug1: rekey out after 134217728 blocks
debug1: SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS sent
debug1: expecting SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS
debug3: receive packet: type 21
debug1: SSH2_MSG_NEWKEYS received
debug2: set_newkeys: mode 0
debug1: rekey in after 134217728 blocks
debug1: Will attempt key: /Users/Jash/.ssh/google_compute_engine RSA SHA256:dHe8jHKOHpUXq/rriZMV3ya/HgaJeyrLqGLTe2+OJnc explicit
debug2: pubkey_prepare: done
debug3: send packet: type 5
debug3: receive packet: type 6
debug2: service_accept: ssh-userauth
debug1: SSH2_MSG_SERVICE_ACCEPT received
debug3: send packet: type 50
debug3: receive packet: type 51
debug1: Authentications that can continue: publickey
debug3: start over, passed a different list publickey
debug3: preferred publickey,keyboard-interactive,password
debug3: authmethod_lookup publickey
debug3: remaining preferred: keyboard-interactive,password
debug3: authmethod_is_enabled publickey
debug1: Next authentication method: publickey
debug1: Offering public key: /Users/Jash/.ssh/google_compute_engine RSA SHA256:dHe8jHKOHpUXq/rriZMV3ya/HgaJeyrLqGLTe2+OJnc explicit
debug3: send packet: type 50
debug2: we sent a publickey packet, wait for reply
debug3: receive packet: type 51
debug1: Authentications that can continue: publickey
debug2: we did not send a packet, disable method
debug1: No more authentication methods to try.
Jash@35.237.214.57: Permission denied (publickey).
ERROR: (gcloud.compute.ssh) (/usr/bin/ssh) exited with return code (255).

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vpn – What are reasonable level of security for a interal-use organization application hosted on the cloud?

I’m working on an small web application (Flask). The application is only for distributed internal usage, e.g. only users with credentials created by the organization will have access to the services beyond the Login page and the organization creates the users. It needs to be distributed because some of the user base is traveling. The data hosted on the application is day to day operation stuff, inventories, invoices, clients contacts & similar. It is organization-sensitive in the sense that you wouldn’t want competitors or third parties sniffing it out. No financial transaction, or bank accounts data are stored there.

From a security perspective, my thinking is that proper user management system with a solid implementation is a sufficient level of security for this, or more specifically:

  • CSRF protection for anything getting user inputs (which Flask provides if using Flask Forms, or pluggins exists otherwise)
  • XSS protection (Jinja templating goes a long way to protect from that). At any rate, all user inputs are sanitized and no html (or css) is served based on raw user inputs.
  • And basically everything outlined in Flask’s Security Considerations is followed & properly implemented, as relevant in the use case.
  • An ORM is used, so that anything that goes in the DB is properly parametrized to prevent SQL injections.
  • At any rate, only trusted users can connect to this beyond the login page (therefore the above protection would get into play only if, say, a malicious user managed to gain control of a user account, and use it to try to inject code)
  • The application is containerized on Docker. No container runs with root, meaning that any attacker who would infiltrate a container would be able to break out of that container, and all Docker recommendations are followed. In addition, the only container that is actually open to the web (e.g. the only port opened on the host) is the nginx one.
  • App runs on https
  • Nginx for reverse proxy, to provide a layer of abstraction between the server itself and any user, as well to add protection against DDOS (though unlikely in our use case), serve static files etc.
  • As users are also a weakling in any security system, it will be recommended to connect to the application only thru trusted wifi or data from their own simcard/ISP. Humans being humans, this may or not be followed in all cases.
  • There will be different user profiles, each having access only to the parts of the data that are actually relevant for their job.

Seems to me this results in a robust enough application from a safety standpoint. Do I have obvious blind spots here? In which case would a security specialist start to consider “no, that’s not enough, we really need to add a VPN connection on top of this”?

dnd 5e – Does fire shield damage trigger if cloud rune is used

The features have the exact same trigger; ask the GM how it plays out

The fire shield spell’s effect is activated:

(…) Whenever a creature within 5 feet of you hits you with a melee attack (…)

Meanwhile, the Cloud Rune is activated:

(…) When you or a creature you can see within 30 feet of you is hit by an attack roll (…)

These are, effectively, the exact same trigger. Thus, what happens with them, what order they are triggered in, and how that is resolved, is left to the GM. The two options, at least to me, are as follows:

  1. The fire shield spell activates, dealing damage, and then Cloud Rune can be used; changing the target.

  2. Cloud Rune activates, changing the target of the attack, thus making you no longer hit by the attack, meaning fire shield can’t trigger and deal damage.

Which of these actually occurs is ambiguous, and both are a bit odd to begin with, but it’ll be up to GM to adjudicate the situation.


There are technically optional rules for this in Xanathar’s Guide to Everything

(…) Most effects in the game happen in succession, following an order set by the rules or the DM. In rare cases, effects can happen at the same time, especially at the start or end of a creature’s turn. If two or more things happen at the same time on a character or monster’s turn, the person at the game table—whether player or DM—who controls that creature decides the order in which those things happen. For example, if two effects occur at the end of a player character’s turn, the player decides which of the two effects happens first. (…)

But these rules are not particularly helpful when it comes to exceptional situations like this where one of the triggered events removes what would trigger the other event. We have some questions on somewhat similar situations with various different answers:

Though these are about the shield spell which… is a a particularly odd spell that may or may not involve time travel (we have a lot of questions on this spell), but they are similar to the case you’ve described here.

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Oracle Enterprise Manager Cloud Control 13.4 – Package Deployment Stuck

We upgraded our Cloud Control from 13.3 to 13.4.

I passed as well this step with “Simple Installation” choice, using SYSMAN.

I have a user named as CCUSER1.

When I want to skip this page with “Simple Installation” choice, using CCUSER1.

enter image description here

It stucks on like this:

Image2

Sometimes it finish with “Succeeded” state but when I refresh the page or to display “SQL Monitoring” page, the same page (Package Deployment) appears.

How can I solve this?

Regards,

how to sell cloud store

hi

i want to sell cloud store
a customer pay monthly amout to get a store in the cloud (prestashop or opercart)

there is a script or … | Read the rest of https://www.webhostingtalk.com/showthread.php?t=1834972&goto=newpost