Earlier history of the sport. Cycling as a sport officially began on 31 May 1868 with a 1200-meter race between the fountains and the entrance to the Saint-Cloud Park (near Paris). The winner was James Moore, an 18-year-old Englishman from Paris.Bicycle Racing History and Types
Picture of cycling
The moment bicycles were first produced and sold in France in the second half of the 19th century, they are immediately closely linked to racing. In those early years, races were usually driven at shorter distances because of poor user comfort and materials that did not allow the drivers to drive for a long time. Due to the pressure of numerous bicycle manufacturers that came on the market in Paris, the original company, which had created the first modern bike, the Michaux Company, opted for a major race event, which aroused great interest among the Parisians. This race took place on May 31, 1868 in the Parc de Saint-Cloud. The Englishman James Moore was the winner. https://crackscoop.com/ Immediately afterwards, the bike race in France and Italy became commonplace. More and more events tried to go beyond the limits of wood and metal bicycles, which until then had no rubber tires. Many bicycle manufacturers fully supported the bicycle race and built ever better models designed for racing only, and competitors were given very handsome prizes with such events.
ImageWhile cycling has become increasingly popular, the races have been held not only on public roads, but also on premade racetracks and velodromes. In the 1880s and 1890s, cycling was recognized as one of the best new sports. The fan base of professional cycling grew even stronger with the popularization of longer races, especially the Italian Milan Turing race in 1876, the Belgian Liège-Bastogne-Liège in 1892 and the French Paris-Roubaix in 1896. The United States also had a part of the races, especially in the 1890s, when the six-day races became popular (first forcing individual riders to drive without stopping, but later allowing two-man teams). The bicycle race was so popular that in 1896 it was included in the first modern Olympic Games.
With better bike materials, new designs and much greater popularity among the public and sponsors, the French decided to organize the event, which was extremely ambitious – a cycling race that spans across France. The first Tour de France was divided into six stages with a total length of 1500 kilometers and took place in 1903. From Paris, the race moved to Lyon, Marseille, Bordeaux and Nantes, before returning to Paris. With a great price and great incentives to maintain a good pace of 20 km / h, nearly 80 participants registered for this difficult race. Maurice Garin won first place after riding 14h for 94h 33m and winning the prize, which equaled one year's pay for six factory workers. The popularity of the Tour de France grew to such a level that 1904 racers were mostly submitted by people who wanted to cheat. After much controversy and an incredible number of disqualifications, the 20-year-old French pilot Henri Cornet was officially won.
After the First World War, the enthusiasm for professional cycling was slow to gain momentum, mainly due to the deaths of many top European drivers and difficult economic times. At that time, professional bicycle races were very popular in the United States (which do not prefer long-distance races like in Europe). Another big hit for the popularity of cycling came from the automotive industry, which made faster transport methods popular. After the Second World War, professional cycling was able to become even more popular in Europe. He attracted the largest prize pools and forced cyclists from all over the world to participate in numerous European events, as his home countries were not up to the organizational level, the competition, and prize money. In the 1960s, American drivers penetrated heavily into the European cycling scene. In the 1980s, however, European drivers began to compete more and more in the US.
At the end of the 20th century, professional mountain bike racing and advanced composite materials made cycling even more competitive and interesting in the 21st century. More than 100 years later, the Tour de France and the Giro d'Italia are still two of the most popular long-distance cycling races in the world. With these advances, it became possible to achieve higher speeds with bicycles that became lighter and cheaper.
The sport was of English origin, but from the beginning the most important events occurred in France, which was very well suited to this modality and the participants used the mountainous terrain to challenge themselves.
Types of cycling
Over the years, more and more variants of this sport have surfaced, which have also changed the characteristics of the bikes, so that they adapt better to a specific activity.
The main variants of cycling are the following:
This is the oldest and there started cycling. Let's talk more about this type and its features in this article.
The tests are conducted on the road with light and aerodynamic bicycles, so that cyclists can reach higher speeds and longer distances. When it comes to cycling, the vast majority of people associate this variation, and their popularity is immense, with a highlight every year being the Tour de France, considered the most important event on the World Circuit