france – Do French immigration police at St. Pancras for Eurostar speak English?

The controlling reference point for your question is the Juxtaposed Controls Agreement between the UK, Belgium, and France. This is the legal framework that allows French border police to operate at ports and various other departure points in the UK. The French border police act on behalf of Belgium. The part relevant to your question is…

As a result of the agreements, when travelling from the UK to Belgium
or France by Eurostar, immigration entry checks into the Schengen Area
take place before boarding the train in the UK, rather than on arrival
in Belgium or France. The immigration entry checks are carried out in
the UK stations before embarkation by the French Border Police (which
also carries out immigration entry checks on behalf of the Belgian
Federal Police for passengers travelling to Belgium). When travelling
from Belgium or France to the UK by Eurostar, passengers clear
immigration exit checks from the Schengen Area as well as UK
immigration entry checks before boarding the train.

Source: ibid

The agreement has been operating in one form or another since 1994, but did not become formalised until about 2003 with the last negotiations taking place in 2011. The formal definition of these controls is contained the so-called Le Touquet Treaty.
The implementing national legislation was delegated to each country.

For a look at how the controls operate on a day-to-day basis, you can read the inspection report. Although the report deals solely with the UK aspects, it is the only known working document giving a glimpse into the internals…

The person should be asked if they can understand the person
conducting the interview and whether they are happy to be interviewed
in English (or the language being used).

Having said all of that, there is nothing in the treaty or in the national legislation (including any translations of the legislation) that imposes a language requirement on the border guards of any country. Thus from an authoritative viewpoint, there is no legal requirement for the French border guards to use the English language at St Pancras station.

Circumstantial practicality, however, dictates that the border police in forward positions speak the local language. And observation bears this out. So the answer to your question: is this a reasonable assumption? is YES (for the case of the French border police).

On a personal note, I have taken the Eurostar from London to Paris about 70+ times without speaking French until after the arrival. It’s the return journey where you get some stick.

Finally, in the more general sense, English serves as a vehicular language for all entry/exit ports in the Schengen zone, so your assumption remains reasonable for all Schengen arrival points as well.

javascript – How to use NPM Natural to translate between English and French

I am trying to create a mobile app for ios using React Native.

In this app, I want to translate between English and French like in Google Translate, where a user enters text into an and is then translated.

I do not want to use Google Translate API, I want to make use of an NLP. I know that ‘npm natural’ is a common NLP for JavaScript.

I am aware that people add documents to their NLP and train them on that data to classify text into a category. Firstly, I have two large text documents of English text and the respective French text. How do I train my NLP on these files, and how do I begin translating between the two languages.


datetime – Sql server with French CI AS Collation date conversion

I have a French installation of SQL Server using French CI AS Collation. For legacy reason, a table column stores data as varchar which is later converted to the right type, akin to variant in C++.

Two rows in this column have data as:

2020-10-12 22:54:40

2020-10-13 04:42:10

The second one fails when converting to datetime with default options. The application uses odbc escape sequences and sql like COLMVALUE >= {ts’2020-01-01 00:00:00′} fails with error
La conversion d’un type de données nvarchar en type de données datetime a créé une valeur hors limites

I did a DBCC useroptions and the server has date format set to dmy. Why is the 2nd row failing, it looks like it is trying to interpret 13 as month. If format is dmy, shouldnt both fail?

Also it is interesting to note that on this server, the following fails:

DECLARE @datevar DATETIME = ‘2020-10-13 04:42:10’;
SELECT @datevar;

But this works:

DECLARE @datevar DATETIME2 = ‘2020-10-13 04:42:10’;
SELECT @datevar;

I am aware that DATETIME2 is more accurate and has greater range than DATETIME, however it seems that even the parsing is different for the two here.

Selling – English – French




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usa – Does a French with US green card need a Mexico’s Visitor Visa (FMM) when entering Mexico by land for a few days, and if so can it be done at border?

I read some contradictory statements regarding the need of obtaining a Mexico’s Visitor Visa (FMM) when entering Mexico by land (either by foot or by car) just for a few days: (mirror)

Fee for Mexico’s Visitor Visa (FMM): If you arrive by land and leave Mexico within 7 days of your arrival date, there is no fee for the permit. If you fly into Mexico from overseas, the fee is usually included within your air ticket’s “fees and surcharges.” The fee is approximately US$25.

All visitors entering by land and traveling farther than 20 kilometres (12 miles) into Mexico or staying longer than 72 hours should obtain a document Forma Migratoria Multiple to present at checkpoints within the country.(2) In 2016 Mexico has introduced the electronic version of the form (Forma Migratoria Múltiple Electrónica, or FMME) which can be obtained online at a price of 390 Mexican pesos.(3) (mirror) doesn’t say anything.

Does a French citizen and a US lawful permanent resident need a Mexico’s Visitor Visa (a.k.a. FMM = Forma Migratoria Múltiple) when entering Mexico by land (either by foot or by car) just for a few days, and if so, can it be obtained at the border and how much it cost?

  • A few days = between 1 to 14 days.
  • I am interested in both the case where on travels farther than 20 kilometres (12 miles) into Mexico, and the case where one doesn’t go beyond 20 kilometres (12 miles).

usa – Is the US->Mexico land border open for non-essential travels? (traveler has a French citizenship and a US lawful permanent residence) (mirror) (2020-09-15) seems to say that anyone can enter Mexico:

According to Mexico: Per Travesías, “Mexico’s federal government has never closed its borders despite COVID-19. In fact, it’s one of the few countries that currently welcomes travelers from all over the world, without any kind of restriction or mandatory quarantine upon arrival.” Some states in Mexico have called on their federal government to tighten border restrictions as the U.S. case count has risen, reports the Washington Post.

However, (mirror), which pertains to land borders only, seems to imply that the US->Mexico land border is only open for non-essential travels (“non-essential” being defined here (mirror)):

In order to limit the further spread of coronavirus, the U.S. has reached agreements with both Canada and Mexico to limit all non-essential travel across borders. Working closely and collaboratively, the Department of Homeland Security is part of a North American approach to stop the spread of the virus.

Given these two seemingly contradictory statements, I am confused: Is the US->Mexico land border open for non-essential travels?

If the citizenship matters, the traveler is a French citizen and a US lawful permanent resident.

Chinese Citizen Apply for French Visa (Passport Talent) in USA with H1B Extension Pending Approval

My H-1B visa expired on Aug 28, 2020, and my employer in the US applied for an extension for H-1B on Aug 13, 2020. Per 240 days rule, I can legally stay in the US and continue to work while my extension is pending for approval with USCIS. I applied for a French visa last week (Passport Talent) as I”m relocating to France for work. I submitted 1) my original I-797 showing my H-1B was valid until Aug 28, 2020, 2) USCIS receipt on Aug 13, 2020 showing they have received my H-1B extension application, 3) USCIS’s explanation on 240 days rule. I received an email today from French Embassy asking me to provide additional documents to prove my legal stay in the US . Any advice on what kind of documents I should provide? Thanks!

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