35mm – How did my negatives land upside down and backwards?

It is possible, but unlikely, that the film was loaded incorrectly into a 35mm camera. I can't think of a 35mm camera where it would be possible to load a 35mm film roll upside down since the camera housings are designed to accommodate the film roll and the flange on which the film is made exits the film. Inserting the film upside down would make it impossible to close the camera and should immediately raise doubts as to whether the camera was inserted correctly.

However, it is possible that the film roll was used with an adapter in another non-35mm system, such as a 645 medium format camera. Depending on the external system used, it may be necessary to wind the entire 35 mm film on a secondary spool and then shoot backwards along the orientation of the film. In this scenario, a 35mm film container may be loaded upside down if the spindles do not care about the alignment of the grooves in the spindle of the 35mm film container, or the entire assembly is (also) reversible possible in any system that carries a film back that can be rotated 90 degrees on both sides of the vertical). If your negatives have an image exposure in the edge of the sprocket hole, it is very likely that they were shot this way.

Another possibility is that you work with APS films instead of 35 mm films. APS cameras reel the entire film on the camera down to the last available unexposed image in the body. This allowed APS camera users to take a single image and swap the roll for another roll (usually to change the ISO).

Finally, if the orientation of the prints is turned off and they were made with properly wound negatives, the person who printed this print series only reversed or misaligned the negatives. In any case, if you have the negatives, you can scan them again or have them reprinted with the correct orientation. The only likely additional problem (besides the technique of the original photographer) is a slight loss of sharpness and contrast in the captured images caused by the wrong side of the base.

PS. If the negatives came from a self-contained unit, such as B. a disposable point-and-shoot camera, there could have been a bad batch where the film was reversed and rewound. I don't know anyone who came across it, but of course it's not impossible. Given that many of these cameras have been used for 4×6 prints, it is possible that anyone using such a camera may not have noticed the result or made any noise.

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Algorithms – implementation of the Sqrt (x) function; What does $ (i ^ 2 leq x) land ((i + 1) ^ 2> x) $ check?

I recently worked on a LeetCode question

Compute and return the square root of x, where x is guaranteed to be a non-negative integer.

Since the return type is an integer, the decimal digits are truncated and only 
the integer part of the result is returned.

Example 1:

Input: 4
Output: 2
Example 2:

Input: 8
Output: 2
Explanation: The square root of 8 is 2.82842..., and since 
             the decimal part is truncated, 2 is returned.

Here is a solution that I really like and understand except for one line. It uses binary search to find the solution:

int mySqrt(int x) {
    if (x == 0) return x;
    int left = 1, right = INT_MAX, mid;
    while(left < right) {
        mid = left + (right - left)/2;
        if (mid <= x / mid && (mid + 1) > x / (mid + 1)) {
            return mid; 
        if (mid < x/mid) {
            left = mid + 1;
        } else { // mid > x/mid
            right = mid;
    return right;

The conceptual question is: why is it true that with a certain number, for example $ i $, $$ (i ^ 2 leq x) land ((i + 1) ^ 2> x) $$ Returns whether or not $ i $ is the truncated integer representation of the square root of $ x $? (The code block above returns under the identical condition, but the inequality is rearranged to avoid an integer overflow.)

Is it now possible to get to Myanmar at Myawaddy Land Crossing with an e-Visa and without a transport ticket?

Is it now possible to get to Myanmar at Myawaddy Land Crossing with an e-Visa and without a transport ticket?

Hi there,

I have a Swedish (EU) passport. I would like to check whether it is possible to apply for an e-visa for Myanmar and get to Myawaddy via the land crossing without now having a flight or bus ticket (I want to cycle across the border).


dnd 5e – How do you increase a monk's chance to land a breathtaking blow?

My monk is a multi-class character (Monk 9 / Paladin 8) in a homebrew 5e campaign and obviously doesn't have too many Ki points as a level 17 character. I also find it ruthless and boring when I Ki in a few rounds – Blow points to try to stun a monster (which is even more difficult with legendary resistors).

What spells, talents, skills, class traits, etc. can help monks successfully take a breathtaking blow? (5e and excavated arcana)

Some solutions that I know after extensive research:

  1. Increases the monk's wisdom skill score

    • Services: Resilient, Observant, Prodigy (UA) etc.
    • Items: Book of Understanding, Ioun Stone, Book of Great Deeds. Maybe more?
    • Magic: wish. Maybe more? Is there a way to temporarily increase the WIS?
  2. Has a negative impact on the constitution of the target.

    • Spells: Curse, Curse, Contagion, Glyph of Protection (indirect). Maybe more?
    • Class Skills: Wizard Port, Bend Luck of the Wizard. Maybe more?
    • Items: Nothing in 5e and UA?
    • Other: Add level 3 exhaustion and make the monster a treasure from the cave of a mummy lord. Maybe more?

dnd 5e – Is there a spell or method to teleport land?

I have not found anything official about moving such large areas of land for 5e. Your options seem to be limited to:

  • the wish magic
  • A homebrew spell or effect similar to the Area Teleport with 3.5 spells
  • Divine intervention

The wish spell will work as long as it is formulated sufficiently and the DM doesn't want to mess with you too much. A viable option, but it requires a high spell.

A homebrew spell is also likely to have a high level because it is a powerful effect that you want to replicate, even if it is more targeted than the wish spell.

A divine act can take place at any point in the act of the PC. You don't need to be able to cast Level 9 or equivalent spells for a god or similarly powerful entity to decide to relocate part of the property.

Cruise – Can You Land Your Private Helicopter on Viking Line Cruise Ships?

The answer is probably no for all practical purposes.

In most countries, the landing of a helicopter on a ship is mutually agreed between the person responsible for the ship (e.g. the owner) and Captain) and the plane. In addition, flag state requirements may exist on the ship for crewing the helicopter landing pad with appropriately trained crew and fire-fighting equipment. Insurance companies can have a say here too, because nobody wants to lose a helicopter or a ship.

In theory, you could probably reach an agreement that allows it, but it seems extremely impractical, prohibitively expensive, and practically impossible.