ssl – FTPS Source/Destiation ports in Wireshark

I’m just monitoring the FTPS traffic for a device I have that’s running a FTP server on port 990 for implicit encryption and I see a lot of traffic with the source/destination port of 990 which is expected.

I am just wondering what are the seemingly random other ports that I see in the Wireshark packets, for I have FTPS packets with the source/destination port of 990 then its opposite source/destination port being port 1428, 1422, 1042, 11254, 11205 etc..

What is the reason for those ports being used in this process?

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ftps – vsftpd data connections fail when using ssl

I have vsftpd version 3.0.3-12 on Debian Buster that it works when using plain ftp but it fails when using ssl:

This the config file:

listen=yes
listen_ipv6=no
user_config_dir=/etc/vsftpd
anonymous_enable=NO
local_enable=YES
write_enable=YES
dirmessage_enable=YES
use_localtime=YES
xferlog_enable=YES
log_ftp_protocol=YES
connect_from_port_20=YES
ascii_upload_enable=YES
ascii_download_enable=YES
chroot_local_user=YES
chroot_list_enable=YES
chroot_list_file=/etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.chroot_list
ls_recurse_enable=YES
secure_chroot_dir=/var/run/vsftpd/empty
pam_service_name=vsftpd
rsa_cert_file=/etc/ssl/certs/ssl-cert-snakeoil.pem
rsa_private_key_file=/etc/ssl/private/ssl-cert-snakeoil.key
ssl_enable=YES
debug_ssl=yes
pasv_enable=YES
pasv_min_port=10300
pasv_max_port=10305
force_local_logins_ssl=no
force_local_data_ssl=no
allow_anon_ssl=no
ssl_ciphers=HIGH
ssl_tlsv1=YES
ssl_sslv2=NO
pasv_address=w.x.y.z
chown_uploads=YES
hide_ids=YES
log_ftp_protocol=YES

When I try to connect from filezilla with “explicit ssl if available” it fails so:

Status: Connecting to w.x.y.z:2000...
Status: Connection established, waiting for welcome message...
Status: Initializing TLS...
Status: Verifying certificate...
Status: TLS connection established.
Status: Server does not support non-ASCII characters.
Status: Logged in
Status: Retrieving directory listing of "/test2"...
Command:        CWD /test2
Response:       250 Directory successfully changed.
Command:        PWD
Response:       257 "/test2" is the current directory
Command:        TYPE I
Response:       200 Switching to Binary mode.
Command:        PASV
Response:       227 Entering Passive Mode (w.x.y.z,40,60).
Command:        LIST
Error:  The data connection could not be established: ECONNREFUSED - Connection refused by server

Some notes:

  • w.x.y.z is a public ipv4 address
  • firewall makes DNAT from 2000 to 21 server port
  • Certificate is by now self-signed

What’s wrong with this configuration?

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http – Is the Host: header required over SSL?

Is the Host: header required over SSL even if the request is not HTTP/1.1?

So, if a client connects over SSL, and sends the following request:

GET / HTTP/1.0
  1. Should the web server throw a bad request due to the missing Host: header?
  2. Should the web server respond with an HTTP/1.0 200 OK response?
    (the index.html file always exists, so a request to /, would never lead to 403/404)

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