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dnd 3.5e – Is a spell considered “ongoing” or “started” even if its effects are delayed ? (Mad foam rager)

My questions is about, generally speaking if a spell is considered “ongoing” or if it has “started”,in D&D 3.5, even if the effect of the spell is delayed, and in particular about the Mad foam rager feat.

Situation, in order of initiative: NPC wizard , player Wizard, player Barbarian

  1. The NPC Wizard cast Charm on the raging Barbarian
  2. The Barbarian fails its Will save
  3. The DM describe that the barbarian feels calmer and that the bad guy looks not that threatening anymore.
  4. The barbarian sense that something wrong (or simply saw the wizard use a wand against him and knows something’s up even if he’s not sure what exactly)
  5. Barbarian uses the feat Mad foam rager to delay the effect of the spell as per description.

( Player’s Handbook II, p. 80)
As an immediate action, you can choose to delay the effect of a single attack, spell, or ability used against you. The damage or effect does not take hold until the end of your next turn.

  1. The barbarian use a free action to shout to his ally wizard “I don’t feel right, do that thing that kills magic effects that you usually do”.

  2. On his turn, the allied wizard cast succesfully Dispel Magic on the barbarian.

You can use dispel magic to end ongoing spells that have been cast on a creature or object, to temporarily suppress the magical abilities of a magic item, to end ongoing spells (or at least their effects) within an area, or to counter another spellcaster’s spell. A dispelled spell ends as if its duration had expired.

  1. Barbarian attacks the Npc wizard.

What happens at the end of his turn, when effect of the spell is supposed to become active, has the dispel magic been effective in suppressing the charm spell?

Where I could not find a definitive answer is about the description of what dispel magic acts on (bolding mine), particularly what “ongoing” involves. If the spell is considered ongoing, even though its effect is delayed, then the barbarian should be free of the charm at the end of it’s turn, but if it’s not ongoing the dispel magic does nothing asteh spell as not started yet.
Another way of framing the question is, on focusing on the definition part of dispel magic

A dispelled spell ends as if its duration had expired.

and ask, has the “duration” of the spell started when its effect was delayed by the Mad foam rager feat (before the barbarian turn)?

Edit: I’ve searched every forum I could think of, in SE RPG, for example, there are only 2 question about Mad Foam rager in the whole site.

sharepoint online – SPFx WebPart started giving TypeError: Cannot read property ‘Content’ of undefined

This webpart was working on a classic Publishing site. Recently, it started throwing this error message:

Error details: Error: Error initializing application. Error: TypeError: Cannot read property ‘Content’ of undefined

When I place this webpart on a modern page, it works without problems but I do not have the luxury to serve it on a modern page. Another strange thing is that it has to be on the rootweb. It does not work under sub webs anymore.(I am thinking something has changed on microsoft recently…)

I can not even debug it because it works in the local workbench and hosted workbench.

Any ideas on how to solve this? or troubleshooting tips?

learning – How can I get started with a first flash gun?

TL;DR: Put it on the camera and start playing with it.

If you got yourself an OEM hotshoe flash, such as a Nikon SB-600/700 or a Canon 430EX/430EXII as your starter, this is going to be the best place to begin learning what you can do with flash. A lot of folks will urge you to go straight for off-camera and Strobist setups, and that’s a great way to “get the most” out of your flash, but if you’re a ground-zero level newb to adding light to a scene, the simplest, easiest way to get started is learning how the light behaves with a flash on the camera, and learning to bounce.

The camera mode matters

The first thing to become accustomed to with an external speedlight mounted on a dSLR body is that the shooting mode you’ve got the camera in causes the flash to behave differently than you may be used to with the integrated flash on a P&S camera in lower light. In full manual mode, you can do whatever you want. In aperture or shutter priority modes, the assumption is that you want to use the flash for fill, so the camera will set your exposure settings relatively close to what you’d have had without the flash, and then throw in enough light from the flash to “fill in” the shadows. In low light, however, aperture priority may lead to very slow shutter speeds, which is not what you’re expecting. In Programmable auto, the camera assumes fill in good light, but in low light switches to using the flash as the key, or main light, and acts much closer to what you’re expecting. Custom settings on camera bodies can alter this behavior in aperture priority mode, so read your manual.

Your metering changes

Metering is also going to be different than what you’re used to with ambient-only (i.e., all the light in the scene that’s not from the flash). Be aware that your meter can only measure the light that’s present in the scene. Your flash burst isn’t there yet–so you have to visualize what adding flash will do to the exposure. It’s not just about getting the needle to 0 any more.

I’d highly recommend being comfortable shooting in M mode before attempting to learn flash. Because ambient light is controlled by iso, aperture, and shutter speed. But flash exposure is controlled by iso, aperture, flash power, and flash-to-subject distance. And you’re going to want to balance your flash against the ambient. It’s easier to learn to juggle five balls while riding a unicycle if you already know how to juggle three while standing still.

Balancing flash against ambient

Balancing the flash against the ambient means that you can use the ambient light at one level, and then change the lighting level on something else using your flash. You can choose to balance this however you want, all the way from your subject as a black silhouette with a white background, all the way to a brightly-light subject with a black background. It’s all about the relative levels of light (ratios).

The most typical technique here is to put your subject in the shade, expose for the background (which your camera is likely to tell you will be underexposing by a stop or two), and then add light to your subject to taste. Using a smaller aperture and a lower iso becomes possible with this technique, so your portraits are liable to come out sharper and have more “pop”, while your background will be more colorful, rather than washed out.


Bouncing is your other big weapon with on-camera flash. Instead of pointing the head of the flash directly at your subject, and getting flat, on-axis light (i.e., that washed out P&S flash look), you can point the head at a reflective surface (wall, window, door, ceiling, a reflector, someone’s shirt front…), and have the light that’s reflected off that surface be the main source of illumination. This spreads and softens the light, as well as giving shadows that can bring depth and detail to your subject that flat on-axis light will not. The main thing to keep in mind here is that angle of reflectance = angle of incidence. Think of it like bank shots in pool. Or, more simply, just point your flash in the direction of where you’d put a softbox in the studio. Also be aware that the color of the surface you bounce off may add a color cast to your light, and that your flash can only throw light so far (see inverse square law). Also, while you are pointing the head of your flash at the bounce surface, some light will be leaking directly from the flash head to your subject. You may want to consider flagging that off.

A great starting place to learn on-camera flash is Neil van Niekerk’s Tangents website.

White Balancing and Gels

The color of the light from your flash is probably going to be predominantly blue or cooler than a lot of ambient lighting may be. Flourescents can be greenish. Tungsten will be orange. When you throw light from a flash into the scene, white balancing can becoming trickier, because you now have mixed colors of lighting in a single shot. If you balance for the flash-lit bits, everything else in the frame is going to go more orange. If you balance for tungsten ambient, whatever your flash lit is going to get a lot bluer. Sometimes you can use this for artistic effect. Sometimes you don’t want to. You can use gels–pieces of transparent colored plastic–over the head of your flash, to get the light from the flash to match the ambient color, so white balancing once again becomes simple. Or you can also use gels to boost the opposite color if, say, you want the background to have an overall blue or orange cast relative to your subject. And when you go off-camera, they’ll also come in handy to color your rim/hair lights or backgrounds.

TTL vs. M

You also want to be aware of the mode of your flash. TTL is an automated way for the camera to set the flash power, based on metering. TTL works by having the camera tell the flash to send out a small “preburst” flash of a known brightness level. The camera body’s AE system meters this preflash, and then adjusts the flash’s power output to what it thinks will be a good illumination level. Just as you use aperture priority on the camera for speed and convenience, you use TTL on the flash. And just as you use M on the camera for consistency and precision, you’d use M on the flash to do the same thing. The most common uses for TTL are event shooting, where readiness and changing lighting conditions may mean more than precision, while M is typically a better tool for studio work where you have time to zero on the perfect settings.

If you use TTL, however, one of the drawbacks for learning is that you have no way of finding out what the actual flash power setting used was–unlike aperture, iso, or shutter speed, your flash power is not recorded in the EXIF of the shot. So, a lot of us would advocate that you put your camera in M and your flash in M, and start adjusting settings to see what the effect of changing any one setting can do for the image.

Going off-camera

Once you’ve hit the limits of on-camera flash and bouncing, then it’s time to consider going off-camera and using your flash in a studio-style setup.

For off-camera lighting, David Hobby’s Strobist website is the primary resource most of us go to. If you learn better from videos than reading, Hobby has a series of videos on Lynda.com, as well as a DVD of his “Lighting in Layers” series. And there’s Zack Arias’s OneLight 2.0 downloads.

I’m not even going to try and encapsulate what’s involved with off-camera shooting, but the analogy I make is that on-camera lighting is the blue pill; off-camera is the red one, and there’s no telling how deep that rabbit hole goes. 🙂

windows 10 – Computer started shutting down on its own

Recently my windows 10 laptop started randomly shutting down on its own. It would be working fine, suddently screen off, and 2 seconds later shut down.
It doesnt seem very consistent and related to heat, since it sometimes shuts down when its not really doing much, and on other occasions I have been able to play intensive games for quite a while, with not much issues. Also the intervals between shutdowns are not consistent.

It should also not be related to battery, since it is plugged in all the time.

It is NOT preceeded by a BSOD either, and BlueScreenView does not show any new events. The Event viewer does have some logs during startup which say that the previous shutdown was unexpected.

One related change that I can think of is until recently i used the laptop plugged to a monitor and its own display unused, and now I am using it with its inbuilt display on.

Heating related, about a couple weeks back, I did clean the fan vents and redo the thermal paste, leading to a drastic reduction in fan speed.

Any way of debugging or tracking what causes the shutdown?

Apple Keynote: Embedded video immediately stops after it’s been started

This question does not show any research effort; it is unclear or not useful
I am creating a keynote with multiple embedded videos within different slides. Some of them are played correctly but four out of seven stop immediately after they started. All videos are played automatically when the slide is shown. After a slide is shown the video starts as expected but stops after one to three seconds. This also happens when the video is started by a click.

As some threads suggest this could be caused by slide transisitons – but also after completely removing them from the concerned slides they’re still not working. Also this bug can’t be connected to damaged video files – as it will randomly disappear when the video is either placed on a different slide, a different keynote. Also resizing the image causes the time the video stops to change.

I’ve already tried all the below suggested solutions – which unfortunately didn’t work:

I am using Keynote 11.1 on an Apple MacBook Pro M1 2020 with Big Sur 11.1.

All videos where cut and rendered by Adobe Premiere Pro 2021 into an MP4 format.

This bug seems to be totally random since some of the videos are just working fine while others do not. I hope someone can help.

From many try and error testing, I found that it was somehow related to Adobe Premieres output format. I solved the problem by importing all the videos into iMovie and exported them again (in the same format, normal MP4). Afterwards they were played nicely and to their full length. Hope this will help some people 🙂

network – I was attacked on April 14th and is still ongoing! Started out as more of a nuisance then became problematic and frustrating

I’m extremely exhausted,near a nervous breakdown and I need everyone’s HELP!!! SOS I’m ready to give up! Sound dramatic?? We’ll come stat at my house in Burlington Ontario Canada for 24 hours!!! Then tell me I’m being dramatic! I’ve been in and around the IT Business for over 35 years and considered myself a technology freak and technically inclined! But now I second guess everything I thought was valid or considered good business practice! I let a young homeless woman stay at my place for 2 months and now im in a predicament I sure aaa hell didn’t see coming! First I started getting text messages from google, Samsung, apple, Uber,Microsoft etc.. with 5 or 6 digit codes??? I didn’t request them and they seemed to have no effect on me at first!! Then I started getting emails or pop ups asking me to validate my credentials! Then my passwords started getting changed! Then I actually lost control of my Apple ID for 7 weeks! Here is my equipment breakdown at time of attack/hack iPhone 11 XS Max, iPhone 12 mini (mother) iPad 6th generation full size, iPhone 10 xs, iPad 3rd generation full size no cell data, Lenovo yoga 260, Lenovo ideapad 340, Fujitsu lifebook S710,desktop pc custom with gigabyte aorus x570 master rev 1,pcipcie 256 ssd drive and ax6 Wi-Fi and 16 gb ran with a and 3400G processor!, Lexmark 2640 Adwe printer with ssd hd, lg webOS 8000 pua 55” smart TV with an airplay hub/server built in, bell expressvu 9500 pvr with a 1 tb Sata hd built in! A brother laser printer 2700?? Older model! And Samsung smart tv and a Cogeco cable supplied Hitron modem with gigabyte internet service! Also in the mix were some leftover and forgotten plume Wi-Fi pucks (original models) that we had leftover from a prior Bell Internet service with a home hub 3000! She (they) actually physically modified my Fujitsu laptop by taking out the original adapter/pcie ssd 120gb drive and had reconfigured my bios to startup to a PXE lan???? And when I tried to modify it they bricked my bios!!! I found several different jailbreak apps on my Lenovo think pad yoga 260 which I suspect she used to jailbreak my iOS devices and on my desktop pc I found a little applet that basically ran a routine that could be remotely triggered or used on the desktop! It basically would login under my credentials and used the fingerprint token from my Lenovo thinkpad to circumvent the need for my password! I also found an app on my iPhone called cloud connect??? Later found out that gigabyte had released a suite of software to remotely and sneakily give some complete control of my pc!! Invisibly so where do I start??? How do I fix ny devices? Get rid of any and all nefarious malware/apps/code/etc???

systemd kills my ngrok session started from python

I have a script i wrote that listens on mqtt.
When certain code arrives to the mqtt server then an ngrok session is started like so:

subprocess.Popen((‘/tmp/ngrok’,’http’ ,’8080′), stdout=subprocess.DEVNULL, stderr=subprocess.DEVNULL)

the scrupt runs in a virtualenv and there for has a shell script to activate the virtual env and run it:

. ./venv/bin/activate
python mqtt_listener.py

When running this script in my shell with & in the end the ngrok session opens and and is left open nicl untill i kill it myself.
However when running in systemd using the following system file (user file)

Description=mqtt run service



once the service gets the mqtt command i can see the the journal logs the service got my message and forked it’s ngrok process, but then i can see

the service was “succesfully deactivated” and then restarts.
the strange thing is that it always happens when i’m not logged in using ssh to the server, if i’m logged in the process will not die.
Any idea what’s i’m doing wrong ? the type=exec is due to the fact that the others just did not fit.I can’t figure out why systemd considers my python service to be done and thus kills it after a grandchild fork (first fork is the run script, which apprently i can get rid of).

How do I get started with Node.js?

I am a newbie for node js. Are there any good resources to get started with Node.JS? Any good tutorials, blogs or books?

Of course, I have visited its official website http://nodejs.org/, but I didn’t think the documentation they have is a good starting point.
What is the use of express JS? According to my understanding it is used for web projects and has some templates like Jade and CSS.

Is there anyother extra features in express.js that make it more dominating than node.js? Which one is better node.js or express.js when it comes to server side coding? Diff. between Express.js and node.js.

Kindly help. Thanks.


gnome – Ubuntu 20.04 started acting strange, shortcuts not working suddenly and cant click on windows (can only drag them)

I cannot explain properly what is happening as I have no idea what is happening. Basically from what I’ve experienced up to now is the following.

  • Super (windows key) doesn’t open all of the open aplications anymore.

  • Alt + Tab started showing me all the tabs before switching, while it
    used to just switch between last 2 tabs.

  • This happens and stops, but when trying to close a tab or open a new tab in chrome I cannot click it. When I try to click it turns into the grab cursos. This happens and stops and I have no idea what causes it.

  • Ctrl+ Alt + T not starting the terminal as well (now it’s working)

Tried restarting and shutting down. I literally just sat on my PC and this has started happening, super awkward. The super key still doesn’t work. I am using gnome and Ubuntu 20.04