You have all the power in the world to give 2 drawers (left and right), but why?
We use drawers mainly for the purpose of navigation because they mostly contain one or two-word links to other pages. You will rarely find lengthy text in drawers.
Filers, on the other hand, can have variety, like checkboxes, radio buttons, range scales, text boxes (From – To) etc.
So why to show it in a right drawer and let that 10-20% space on the left get wasted and for what?
Earlier apps were using popups to show filters which wasted 5% of the screen space on the edges but now understanding the importance of spacing, more and more apps are inclined to open a complete page for actions like filter or search.
So opening a right drawer for a filter will be taking you one step back.
Until you have a strong reason or restriction to do it that way, it’s the option which you likely should avoid.