vpn – How to connect to a wifi network that shuts down connections

Our school’s wifi shuts down after 12 am, and although we are still connected to the network, our connections are closed, and the computer says “no internet”.

However, we can somehow manage to stay connected to the internet even after 12 am if we use a VPN program, but after disconnecting, we cannot connect to the network again even using VPN

How does this shutdown system work and how can I connect to the internet even after it closes all connections?

openvpn – VPN Server for IPv6 based Connection

I´m running several gameservers (like ARK oder Garry’s Mod) on several servers. Last week my friends were not able to connect anymore. I found out that my provider is not providing a public IPv6 anymore.

Unfortunately ARK/Garry’s Mod/Steam!! cannot build up connection to servers via IPv6 (If they can please correct me). I can simply build the connection via the local IPv4 address within my network and i want to provide this functionality to my friends.

My idea was to provide a vpn server within my network. I did not find any reliable tutorial since everyone is writing in its dependencies “you need a public ipv4”. And they are not dealing with IPv6 traffic either..

I got the CA up and running an i am able to create certificates/keys for the new clients.

But i dont get the vpn up and running.

here is my server config so far:

port 1194

proto udp6

dev tun

ca ca.crt
cert server.crt
key server.key
dh dh2048.pem

topology subnet

server-ipv6 2a02:810d:8940:fd::/64

push "redirect-gateway def1 bypass-dhcp"
push "route-ipv6 2a02:80d:890:fd::/64"
push "route-ipv6 2000::/3"
push "redirect-gateway ipv6"

#google dns servers
push "dhcp-option DNS"
push "dhcp-option DNS"
push “dhcp-option DNS6 2001:4860:4860::8888”
push “dhcp-option DNS6 2001:4860:4860::8844”

keepalive 10 120
verb 3

and my client config so far

dev tun
proto udp6
remote <vpn.mydomain.ipv6> 1337

remote-cert-tls server
verb 3
cipher AES-128-CBC
auth SHA256
key-direction 1

# 2048 bit OpenVPN static key
-----BEGIN OpenVPN Static key V1-----
-----END OpenVPN Static key V1-----

That doesnt work out so far.
Has someone already a setup that is working and wants to help me get this running ?

I thought about two possible ways to get my friends connected:

  1. They wont receive a 10.x adress from my VPN. They should only insert the IP (for example ark server) in steam and the vpn client on the computer will send this traffic to my network.
  2. They will receive a 10.x address from me and the vpn will send all traffic to my network.

The first one would be the best solution for me, because the second one would route all internet traffic to my network too. And i guess 20 people using my internet connection will lead to other problems..

I guess the best solution would be that everyone gets their own ovpn file, isnt it ? Or can i use the same file for everyone ?

Thank you for any help !!

Best regards

certificates – VPN provider asks to install RootCertificate. How is it safe?

I want to use VPN provider (ProtonVPN), and don’t want to use an app. They ask user to install their Root Ca. How safe is it? What type of info could they get from my laptop? If I have their certificate installed, does that means they can see and get all info from my browser, including passwords and https sites? And what about other non browser traffic? How safe is it? What are the risks?

amazon ec2 – AWS EC2 running Ubuntu 18 VPN will not connect (network manager??)

I am attempting to run a 3rd party VPN (Hotspot Shield) on my EC2 instance running Ubuntu 18.

When i run the the connect command, I get an error for Hotspot Shield client. I have attached the corresponding system log.(enter image description here)(1)

I have tried using two other VPNs (NordVPN and Wireguard) and both cause my ubuntu box to crash when attempting to create a connection.

It strongly appears that the issue is with my EC2 instance, not the client. The instance currently allows all inbound and outbound traffic.

Any insight that could be given is greatly appreciated!!!!!!!!!!!!


ubuntu@ip-172-31-38-208:~$ hotspotshield connect
can’t establish VPN connection. Please check your system journals
ubuntu@ip-172-31-38-208:~$ sudo tail -f /var/log/syslog
May 29 01:48:34 ip-172-31-38-208 NetworkManager(864): (1590716914.5407) audit: op=”device-managed” arg=”managed:1″ pid=3170 uid=1000 result=”success”
May 29 01:48:34 ip-172-31-38-208 systemd-timesyncd(604): Network configuration changed, trying to establish connection.
May 29 01:48:34 ip-172-31-38-208 networkd-dispatcher(854): WARNING:Unknown index 3 seen, reloading interface list
May 29 01:48:34 ip-172-31-38-208 systemd-timesyncd(604): Synchronized to time server (ntp.ubuntu.com).
May 29 01:48:38 ip-172-31-38-208 hotspotshield(3170): nm_wait_for_device: it was not possible to activate hss0 device. Please make sure NetworkManager is running and it’s the current system network renderer
May 29 01:48:38 ip-172-31-38-208 systemd-timesyncd(604): Network configuration changed, trying to establish connection.
May 29 01:48:38 ip-172-31-38-208 hotspotshield(3170): linux_cm_new: linux_tun_new
May 29 01:48:38 ip-172-31-38-208 hotspotshield(3170): CM: failed to start connectivity module
May 29 01:48:38 ip-172-31-38-208 NetworkManager(864): (1590716918.1779) devices removed (path: /sys/devices/virtual/net/hss0, iface: hss0)
May 29 01:48:38 ip-172-31-38-208 systemd-timesyncd(604): Synchronized to time server (ntp.ubuntu.com).

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vpn – how to speed up Internet speed via Wireguard connection

I have a 1000mbps network at home. Doing a speed-test at Cloudflare scores 9xx mbps.
I have tried setting up Wireguard in Japan on Vultr, AWS and GC.
GC gives me the best average network speed, which is around 3xx mbps only.
Vultr and AWS gives 2xx mbps.
I believe 2xx mbps is far too low when comparing to the original speed?
May I know where the issue could be?

P.S. These are the steps I am doing:

Why is user and CA certificate required for IKEv2 RSA VPN?

It should work similarly as to going to a random HTTPS website, where the supplied certificate is backed by a CA, and based on which a secure connection is made. Then authentication follows over the secure connection.

So why am I required to supply both user and CA certificates. In other words, why is it not merely an option?

Edit: now that I look at it, it seems that no user nor password can be supplied either, so the client authentication happens based on the user certificate. Only for PPTP a password is required (which is not a secure protocol anyway). So the question becomes: why have they chosen to support only IKEv2 with user certificates and not passwords. It can not be for security reasons since PPTP is supported.

How can a site bypass VPN without using geolocation?

(I was instructed to repost if related questions didn’t answer my question. I’ll try to explain my question better.)

There’s a website and it shows two pieces of information when you chat with another user.

“IP location” and “Detected location”.

When I used a VPN (and WebRTC off), the “IP location” changed to the VPN location, but the “Detected location” remained the real location! So the site was able to bypass VPN.

Does anyone understand how this is possible?

I tried several other sites but not a single one was able to detect real location. Sites like https://www.iplocation.net only saw the VPN location. So I know the VPN is solid. Some sites use geolocation (e.g. https://gps-coordinates.org), but for that, the browser shows notification asking for permission. But in the case of this site, the browser didn’t give any location indication.

In related questions, there’s discussion about Google Maps, but on fresh browser even maps.google.com can’t bypass the VPN (and shows the VPN location). Then if you click on the small circle, browser will ask to allow location permission. So unless you allow GM can’t get your location.

So I’m curious to understand how is this possible?

vpn – how is stronswan set up with freeradius and rlm_rest rest module?

how to set up stronswan with freeradius and rlm_rest rest modules?


I use eap radius and am connected to the free radius v3

Use this to set the sleep module
(Remaining setting https://github.com/fgsants/REST-API-FreeRADIUS/tree/master/resources/freeradius)

Server OS Centos 7
freeradius and stronswan are on the same server

Free radius run authorization section of etc / raddb / sites-available / default
then return http 204 is not a content response, then I got this error:
(2) Auth type remainder {
(2) rest: ERROR: you set & # 39; Auth-Type = REST & # 39; for a request that does not contain a user password attribute!

How can one solve it?
Thanks a lot.

I also put these logs in pastebin:

Radiusd -X output:

(1) Clean up request packet ID 202 with the time stamp +4
Wake up in 3.6 seconds.
(2) Received access request ID 225 from to length 152
(2) username = "test55"
(2) NAS port type = virtual
(2) Service type = framed user
(2) NAS port = 19
(2) NAS port ID = "ios-ikev2-vpn"
(2) NAS IP address = stronswan.server.ip (ex
(2) Called-Station-Id = "stronswan.server.ip (ex (4500)"
(2) Calling station ID = "vpn.client.ip (24736)"
(2) EAP message = 0x0200000b01746573743535
(2) NAS identifier = "strongSwan"
(2) Message Authenticator = 0xdaa74511deb8e0b4a1f58b2bc20450ba
(2) # Execute the section authorization from the file / etc / raddb / sites-enabled / default
(2) authorize {
rlm_rest (rest): Reserved connection (1)
(2) rest: expand URI components
(2) rest: EXPAND http: //rest.api.server.ip (ex
(2) rest: -> http: //rest.api.server.ip (ex
(2) Rest: EXPAND /test.php?r=check&u=%▶User-Name}
(2) Rest: -> /test.php?r=check&u=test55
(2) rest: Sending HTTP GET to "http: //rest.api.server.ip (ex /test.php?r=check&u=test55"
(2) Pause: processing the response header
(2) Quiet: Status: 204 (no content)
(2) Rest: Type: json (application / json)
rlm_rest (rest): Released connection (1)
You need 4 more connections to get 10 spare parts
rlm_rest (rest): Open the additional connection (6), 1 of 26 outstanding slots used
rlm_rest (rest): Establish connection to "http: //rest.api.server.ip (ex /test.php"
(2) (rest) = ok
(2) if (ok) {
(2) if (ok) -> TRUE
(2) if (ok) {
(2) Update control {
(2) Auth type: = rest
(2)} # update control = noop
(2)} # if (ok) = noop
(2)} # authorize = ok
(2) Auth type found = remainder
(2) # Execute a group from the file / etc / raddb / sites-enabled / default
(2) Auth type remainder {
(2) rest: ERROR: you set & # 39; Auth-Type = REST & # 39; for a request that does not contain a user password attribute!
(2) (rest) = invalid
(2)} # Auth-Type rest = invalid
(2) User authentication failed
(2) Use denial after authentication
(2) Post-auth-type subsection not found. To ignore.
(2) # Execute a group from the file / etc / raddb / sites-enabled / default
(2) Login incorrect (rest: You set & # 39; Auth-Type = REST & # 39; for a request that does not contain a user password attribute!): (Test55 /) (from client localhost port 19 cli vpn. client.ip (24736)))
(2) Delay in response by 1.000000 seconds

strongswan setting

eap radius {

accounting = yes
eap_start = no

   servers {
        server-a {

            address =
            secret = testing123




Configuration setup
uniqueids = never
conn% default
ikelifetime = 60m
Keylife = 20 m
rekeymargin = 3m
Touch attempts = 1
keyexchange = ike
conn psk-pam
Fragmentation = yes
keyexchange = ikev1
left =% default route
leftauth = psk
leftsubnet = / 0
leftfirewall = yes
right =% any
rightauth = psk


# rightauth2 = xauth-pam
Rightsubnet = / 24
rightsourceip = / 24
rightdns =
auto = add

conn iOS_cert
keyexchange = ikev1
Fragmentation = yes
left =% default route
leftauth = pubkey
leftsubnet = / 0
leftcert = server.cert.pem
right =% any
rightauth = pubkey


conn ios-ikev2-vpn
auto = add
compress = no
Type = tunnel
keyexchange = ikev2
ike = aes128-sha1-modp1024, aes128-sha1-modp1536, aes128-sha1-modp2048, aes128-sha256-ecp256, aes128-sha256-modp1024, aes128-sha256-modp1536, aes128-sh6256, aes128-sh25-a6 -modp2048-modp4096-modp1024, aes256-sha1-modp1024, aes256-sha256-modp1024, aes256-sha256-modp1536, aes256-sha256-modp2048, aes256-sha256-modp4096, aes256-sha256-a6256-sha254-a256-sha25-a25 aes256-sha384-modp2048, aes256-sha384-modp4096, aes256gcm16-aes256gcm12-aes128gcm16-aes128gcm12-sha256-sha1-modp2048-modp4010!
esp = aes128-aes256-sha1-sha256-modp2048-modp4096-modp1024, aes128-sha1, aes128-sha1-modp1024, aes128-sha1-modp1536, aes128-sha1-modp2048, aes128-sh121 sh625 mod-2012 modp1536, aes128-sha256-modp2048, aes128gcm12-aes128gcm16-aes256gcm12-aes256gcm16-modp2048-modp4096-modp1024, aes128g616-a6 aes256-sha256-modp1536, aes25256-sha25-a386 -ecp384, aes256-sha384-modp1024, aes256-sha384-modp1024, aes256-sha384-modp1024 modp4096, aes256gcm16, aes256gcm16-ecp384,3des-sha1!
Fragmentation = yes
forceencaps = yes
dpdaction = clear
dpddelay = 300s
rekey = no
left =% any
leftcert = fullchain.pem
leftsendcert = always
leftsubnet = / 0
right =% any
rightid =% any



conn windows7
keyexchange = ikev2
ike = aes256-sha1-modp1024!
rekey = no
left =% default route
leftauth = pubkey
leftsubnet = / 0
leftcert = fullchain.pem
right =% any



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