Windows – insert a URL into a dialog box for uploading Chrome files

If you're using Chrome, a maliciously-crafted or temporarily-compromised site that has a file upload dialog box can select a file to upload to such a site and, for example, paste an image from a web site as a file?] Can somehow find the explorer. exe process or affect the Windows file system? Can this access be included in Edge's browser cache, or can it go further?